Who doesn’t want gorgeous, healthy-looking skin, right? But for that you have to take proper care of your skin. And before you give another excuse, remember it’s a necessity for your skin.
A proper skin care routine order can work wonders for your skin.
In this article, you will find a basic guide to build a skincare routine for every skin type, tips to deal with various common skin problems and lastly some expert tips for healthier-looking skin.
Build a skincare routine for beginners:
Keep it simple
If you are a beginner, my recommendation would be to build a skincare routine starting with the basic 3 steps routine – cleansing, moisturizing and protecting your skin.
With time, you can modify your skincare routine. You can add toning, exfoliating to your skin care or any treatment according to your skin concerns like acne, dry skin, oily skin etc.
But it would be best if you just start with these three basic steps so that you don’t overwhelm your skin.
Determine your skin type:
Determining your skin type is the first step to build a skincare routine. Each skin type has different needs from the other. So determining what type of skin you have will help you meet it’s needs and choose the right products.
How to determine your skin type:
According to dermatologists, skin can be classified into four types:
i) Normal skin:
- Appears to be clear and even toned
- Pores are smaller, barely visible
- Skin feels soft, supple
ii) Dry skin:
- Skin feels irritable and tight
- Appears flaky
- Visible fine lines
- Smaller pores
iii) Oily skin
- Face looks shiny and greasy
- Pores on your nose, forehead and chin looks enlarged
- Make up on your skin wear off easily
iv) Combination skin
- It means you have two different types of skin. It can be dry in some areas and oily in the others.
- You may notice dry or normal skin around the T- zone ( nose, forehead& chin) area of your face.
- Or oily or normal skin around U- zone ( mouth, cheeks & eyes) area of your face.
v) Sensitive skin
- If your skin is very sensitive to heat, exfoliation or surfactants
- Have allergic reaction or gets irritated easily
Then you have sensitive skin
Steps to follow:
Now that you have identified your skin type, choose the best products for you. Find out what best suits your face by following this guide.
Washing your face is the most essential step in your path to build a skincare routine.
The general rule is cleansing twice a day.
Once in the morning to make sure there isn’t any sweat or oil left from your pillow or hair during your night’s sleep.
Cleansing skin in the evening is a must to remove all the dirt, sweat, pollutants your skin collect throughout the day.
Find the ideal cleanser for your skin type:
Oily/ Acne prone skin: Clay, Foaming liquid, soapy or gel based cleansers.
Dry skin: Soothing, creamy, moisturizing cleansers.
Combination skin: Gel-based, water-soluble, mildly foaming cleansers.
Sensitive skin: Lightweight,mild lotion cleansers
According to the experts, choosing a hydrating cleanser is ideal for all skin types.
Moisturizing your skin is the next important step to build a skincare routine. No matter what skin type you have, it needs hydration. Don’t think of excluding a moisturizer from your daily skincare routine even if you have oily or acne-prone skin.
Experts say, over-washing and not using a moisturizer on your oily skin may actually lead to more oil-production on your skin.
The texture of moisturizer will differ according to your skin type.
For oily skin: Use lightweight, gel moisturizers
For dry skin : Cream, soft cream, oil based moisturizers
For normal/ combination skin : Lotion
For sensitive skin : A balm ( much like a cream) is good for sensitive skin
A moisturizer that is oil-free and fragrance-free is suitable for all skin type.
The most crucial product for your skin? Sunscreen. Yes, you can prevent your skin from fine lines, wrinkles, imperfections in skin texture by using sunscreen daily and consistently.
According to expert recommendation, Use a Sunscreen that is SPF 30 or higher.
Types of sunscreens:
Chemical: Contains ingredients like octocrylene or avobenzone that help protect your skin by absorbing UV rays.
This type of sunscreens are easier to apply.
Lightweight and transparent on your skin.
Can cause irritation if you have sensitive skin.
Contains ingredients like oxybenzone that carry a “high hazard” rating for skin.
Mineral: Contains zinc oxide and titanium dioxide that block sun’s ray from penetrating your skin, working like a shield.
Risk of allergies or irritation is very little.
May leave a white tint on your skin, which might be a concern if you have darker skin tone.
Experts recommend using a sunscreen that have a combination of both chemical and mineral components, so you can get the best type of protection for your skin.
Tips: Apply sunscreen at least 30 minutes before sun-exposure.
Add more to your routine if needed
Now that you have established the basics, you can try routine enhancers according to your skin’s needs. In this part, address the skin problems you are dealing with such as acne, skin dullness, rashes, oily skin.
Toners can be your first choice if you want to add more to your skin care routine. It’s general purpose is to cleanse, freshens, protects the skin and shrink the pores. Toners can help soothe your skin and controls the oil production. Be careful about your skin type while choosing a toner.
For Dry Skin: Look for the toners containing glycerine, essential oils or moisturizing properties that will help soften and nourish your skin.
Avoid toners having alcohol in them as they can dry out your skin.
For Oily Skin: Look for toners containing bentonite clay or witch hazel in them as they have the power to control the oil production and tighten your skin.
For Combination Skin: Lactic acid the perfect ingredient for this type of skin as it helps hydrating your skin and it works well for sensitive skin type, too.
For Normal Skin: Look for toners that contain Hyaluronic acid or coenzyme Q10.
For Sensitive Skin: Look for toners containing Aloe Vera or Amino acids .
For Mature Skin: Look for Vitamin C or Aloe Vera
For Acne Prone Skin: Products with salicylic acid works best for acne prone skin.
Exfoliators can be another item you can add to your skin care routine.
Exfoliating help remove outer layer of the dead skin cells from your skin, unclogs the pores and thus rejuvenate your skin. They help prevent blackheads or acne from developing. Also even out your skin tone boost collagen synthesis.
Try some DIY, easy face mask recipes
Natural, homemade face masks can be your best friend to build a skincare routine that is budget friendly. Try some simple face masks and trust me, they are very effective and sure to soothe your skin after a long, hectic day and give your skin a healthy glow. And you don’t even have to spend a penny, you’ll find the ingredients in your kitchen. Just pick one according to your skin type and try it out!
To build a skincare routine, address some of the most common issues of your skin:
Signs of aging: Fine lines, wrinkles, dark spots, sagging skin, loss of skin elasticity and volume etc.
Ingredients to use:
Sunscreen: UV rays can cause signs of aging like dark spots, wrinkles. So, to protect your skin from UVA And UVB rays and prevent the signs of aging, using sunscreen is a must. Make sure to use a sunscreen daily that contains at least SPF 30.
Retinoids: It’s been proven that retinoids reverse the normal skin aging by reducing fine lines, wrinkles and producing collagen. It also helps with the age spots and soften the rough patches of your skin.
Vitamin C: It can act as a collagen booster and an antioxidant, that help prevent the damage caused by UV rays. It can lighten up the dark spots on your skin.
Ceramides: It’s known as anti-aging powerhouse. It helps strengthening skin’s barrier. It also improves skin hydration. Thus give you a smoother and firmer skin.
Acne is another common skin problem that almost all of us have to deal with at some point. It can come in many forms that causes oily skin and leaves us with acne scars.
Ingredients To Use
Retinoids : Retinoids are known to reduce acne outbreaks. They can prevent the dead skin cells from clogging your skin pores and thus preventing acne outbreaks.
Chemical Exfoliants: They help loosen the dead cells from skin and make it easy from you to wipe them away. Thus help prevent acne.
Benzoyl Peroxide: It can kill the bacteria that can cause inflamed acne. It also helps skin loosen the dead skin cells and reduce excess sebum production.
Azelaic acid: It kills the pores infecting bacteria and reduce the production of keratin that may be responsible for causing acne.
DRY/ SENSITIVE SKIN:
Many of you also deal with issues like having dry skin or sensitive skin. These are the skin types that are need to be treated with extra care. If you have dry skin, you’re more likely to be prone to allergies, rashes, eczema and various other skin conditions.
Ingredients To Use
Hyaluronic Acid: Products with Hyaluronic acids are great for sensitive skin. They can help draw moisture into your skin and also act as an humectant. They help moisturize the skin but don’t make the skin feel heavy or greasy.
Squalane Oil: This is a light and moisturizing oil. It has the ability to get absorbed into all of your skin cells, including the spaces in between, and make your skin feel smoother and softer.
Colloidal Oatmeal: This is made from grinding oat grains. It’s an wonderful ingredient to prevent your skin’s water loss. It’s used to hydrate, soothe and moisturize your dry skin.
Discoloration or Hyper-pigmentation
Discoloration and Hyper-pigmentation are skin problems that describe the darker patches of your skin.They are usually harmless but affect you skin color as some part of your skin turn darker than your natural skin tone.
Ingredients To Use
Vitamin C, Sunscreen, Chemical Exfoliants, Retinoids work great for fighting against any scars, discoloration and Hyper-pigmentation on your skin.
Some Important Tips For Your Skin Care Routine:
- Avoid direct exposure to sun.
- Avoid using too many products.
- Beware of the ingredients to avoid in skin care products.
- Exfoliate 2 times a week
- Wear sunscreen daily.
- Try to get 8 hours of sleep every night.
- Stop touching your face. ( I know it’s hard)
- Hydrate your skin; inside and out.
- Try to maintain a healthy diet.